An arbitral tribunal is a non-public and flexible alternative to the state courts. Parties can bring about a legally binding and legally enforceable decision in a single instance. In addition, parties can appoint as "judges" persons with expertise based on their knowledge of a particular industry. Especially complex disputes can thus be decided in a professionally competent and legally binding manner in only one instance. The costs of arbitration proceedings are often lower than corresponding proceedings before state courts which extend over multiple appellate instances. The oral hearings in arbitration proceedings are not public, but instead take place in a private and confidential setting. Arbitration proceedings are more flexible than proceedings before state courts, and parties can tailor the proceedings to fit their needs. Arbitral awards are enforceable in Germany once a declaration of enforceability by the competent Higher Regional Court has been obtained. Internationally, arbitral awards, unlike judgments of state courts, are enforceable essentially on a global basis by means of the 1958 New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards.